Why did Beethoven  ignore the technological progress of the French..


We were delighted to be invited to speak at the symposium “Le Violon c’est l’archet” – bows from the time of Beethoven and Paganini held at the Kunsthistoriches Museum in Vienna in association with Bern University of the Arts. We discussed the complex political undercurrents of the Napoleonic period, and how intertwined musical performance had become with cultural diplomacy, suggesting that it was little surprise to us that the transformations of playing style that took place in Paris fell on such unreceptive ears as Beethoven’s Vienna fell under siege of Napoleon’s army.